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Author Topic: Sugar Glider  (Read 30468 times)
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« on: June 20, 2007, 08:55:34 PM »



This is a description of the Sugar Glider. Smiley








The Sugar Glider (Petaurus breviceps), sometimes called the Flying Sugar, is a small gliding possum native to eastern and northern mainland Australia, New Guinea, and the Bismarck Archipelago, and introduced to Tasmania.

 Physical description

The Sugar Glider is around 16 to 20 cm (6.3 to 7.5 inches) in length, with a tail almost as long as the body and almost as thick as a human thumb, and weighs between 90 and 150 grams (3 to 5.3 oz). The fur is generally pearl grey, with black and cream patches at the base of the black or grey ears. Other colour variations include leucistic and albino recessive traits. The tail tapers only moderately and the last quarter of it is black, often with a dark tip. The muzzle is short and rounded. Northern forms tend to be brown coloured rather than grey and, as predicted by Bergmann's Rule, smaller.

 
The most noticeable features of its anatomy, however, are the twin skin membranes called patagium which extend from the fifth finger of the forelimb back to the first toe of the hind foot. These are inconspicuous when the Sugar Glider is at rest — it merely looks a little flabby, as though it had lost a lot of weight recently — but immediately obvious when it takes flight. The membranes are used to glide between trees: when fully extended they form an aerodynamic surface the size of a large handkerchief.

The gliding membranes are primarily used as an efficient way to get to food resources. They may also, as a secondary function, help the Sugar Glider escape predators like goannas, introduced foxes and cats, and the marsupial carnivores, such as quolls, the Kowari, mulgaras, and antechinuses that foxes, cats, and dingos largely supplanted. The ability to glide from tree to tree is clearly of little value with regard to the Sugar Glider's avian predators, however, in particular owls and kookaburras.

Although its aerial adaptation looks rather clumsy in comparison to the highly specialised limbs of birds and bats, the Sugar Glider can glide for a surprisingly long distance — flights have been measured at over 50 metres (55 yd) — and steer effectively by curving one or other of the patagium. It uses its hind legs to thrust powerfully away from a tree, and when about 3 metres (3 yd) from the destination tree trunk, brings its hind legs up close to the body and swoops upwards to make contact with all four limbs together.

Habitat
 
The Sugar Glider can occupy any area where there are tree hollows for shelter and sufficient food. Its diet varies considerably with both geography and the changing seasons, but the main items are the sap of acacias and certain Eucalyptus, nectar, pollen, and arthropods. It is difficult to see in the wild, being small, wary, and nocturnal, but a sure sign of its presence is the stripping of bark and tooth marks left in the soft, green shoots of acacia trees.

In suitable habitats it is common, often reaching densities of 1 per 1,000 square metres provided that there are tree hollows available for shelter. It lives in groups of up to seven adults, plus the current season's young, all sharing a nest and defending their territory. Adult males mark the territory with saliva and with a scent produced by separate glands on the forehead and chest, and also mark members of the group with this scent. Visitors which lack the appropriate scent marking are expelled violently. The dominant male mates more frequently with the female of the group than the other males, and does most of the scent marking. When an adult member of the group dies, it is normally replaced: by one of the group's own offspring if female, but by an outsider if male.

In the more temperate south, breeding starts in mid-winter (June or July). In the north, there seems to be no particular breeding season. Two young per female is typical; they remain in the pouch for about 70 days, and after leaving it stay inside the nest for another 40 or 50 days, then begin to forage outside, usually under the care of the mother. The young are normally ejected from the group territory at 7 to 10 months of age. Sometimes they form new groups if an area is vacant, but competition for territory is fierce and not many survive the first months of independent life. In captivity, they may live up to fifteen years.


Sugar Gliders as pets
 
Where legal, the Sugar Glider is not difficult to breed in captivity under the right conditions, and small numbers have been legally and illegally exported to America where they have formed a breeding population for sale as pets. Breeding mills are a controversial subject. In the United States, keeping sugar gliders as pets is illegal in some jurisdictions, including California, Georgia, Hawaii, and Alaska; many other states require a permit.

The Sugar Glider is a popular pet because of its lively and inquisitive nature; with plenty of attention, it bonds well to human companions. It requires a special diet that includes vitamins, protein, calcium supplements, and insects.

 
Sugar Gliders bred and kept in captivity behave differently to those in the wild. Because they are very social creatures, often living in families in the wild, it is difficult to raise a single Sugar Glider in captivity, especially as it is rare for a Sugar Glider owner to be up late at night, when Sugar Gliders are most active, to play with it. When multiple Sugar gliders are kept together, social behavior is closer to that of wild Sugar Gliders.

To further simulate natural surroundings an environment may have branches or vines. With that it is important to note that certain plants are poisonous to Sugar Gliders, but there are plants that are safe to have in a sugar glider environment.



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« on: June 20, 2007, 08:55:34 PM »

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tagak
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« Reply #1 on: September 24, 2008, 08:57:19 PM »

my sugar glider pic.

she realy likes apple.






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mhg_957
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« Reply #2 on: November 18, 2008, 11:52:21 PM »

Those are great pictures!
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red_radiance
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« Reply #3 on: November 23, 2008, 10:31:47 PM »

life span?

di ba sya mapili sa lugar? temperature?
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ryaneski
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Sky's the limit..


« Reply #4 on: November 30, 2008, 04:44:39 PM »

nice!
Life Span: Sugar gliders live about 10-15 years in captivity
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GOT GLIDERS?
pets4pals
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« Reply #5 on: May 12, 2009, 11:18:12 PM »







Sugar Glider Joeys : Around 1 - 2 months OOP.
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« Reply #6 on: May 12, 2009, 11:19:15 PM »

More pictures for SG lovers.





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kianne
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walang bisyo kundi magmahal :::


« Reply #7 on: May 12, 2009, 11:33:56 PM »

ANG cute nila gusto ko din nan kaya lang wala nang tym para magdagdag pa ng pet tsk tsk .. crrrry
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lizardian
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« Reply #8 on: August 26, 2009, 02:26:38 AM »

ano madalas pinapkain sa sg nyo???
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kianne
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walang bisyo kundi magmahal :::


« Reply #9 on: August 26, 2009, 03:54:51 PM »

ano madalas pinapkain sa sg nyo???


pinaka fav. nila apple at papaya  Grin
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lizardian
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« Reply #10 on: August 26, 2009, 04:26:57 PM »

thanks, ang baho kc pag superworm ang fud nila dumidikit s knila smell
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kianne
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walang bisyo kundi magmahal :::


« Reply #11 on: August 26, 2009, 04:30:20 PM »

thanks, ang baho kc pag superworm ang fud nila dumidikit s knila smell

superworm pwede pala yun sa kanila  grin1 mahal yun diba ??
wag muna tatalupan yung apple basta hatiin mo lang sa gitna  Grin
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lizardian
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« Reply #12 on: August 26, 2009, 09:21:51 PM »

ok, mura lng superworm
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kianne
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walang bisyo kundi magmahal :::


« Reply #13 on: August 26, 2009, 09:23:25 PM »

ok, mura lng superworm

parang nakakadiri pag kinain nila yon eiwwwwwww  ROFL  ROFL  ROFL  ROFL
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lizardian
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« Reply #14 on: August 26, 2009, 09:44:56 PM »

parang nakakadiri pag kinain nila yon eiwwwwwww  ROFL  ROFL  ROFL  ROFL
oo sobra yng loob ng superworm ang kinakain kaya nkakadiri panoorin hehe
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